BROADCASTING MEDIA PRODUCTION COMPANY,PUBLISHER,NON -PROFIT ORGANISATION

KSM CHANNEL / GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE HUMAN OPINION " We are an international online news media, providing news with a India perspective to a worldwide audience through Multiple cross-platform editions, Multiple with distinct live TV channels". kanishk Channel is designed to create this grounded knowledge that is the need of the hour across Indian. The sites of this creation are the five interdisciplinary, each of which will focus on a particular transformational theme: Governance, Human Development, Economic Development, Systems and Infrastructure, and Environment and Sustainability. Each of the Schools has concrete pathways to impact. These are drawn from specific epistemic traditions linked to disciplines and innovative inter-sectoral, intersectional, and interdisciplinary approaches. The key common imperative, however, is to ground knowledge creation and pedagogy in the Indian context and for developing countries across the world, Renewing the civil rights movement by bringing the world of ideas and action. We are a non-profit organization. Help us financially to keep our journalism free from government and corporate pressure.

Thursday, 25 November 2021

Ethiopian PM 'at war front' to lead fight against Tigray rebels

 

Abiy Ahmed announced late on Monday that he would personally direct the fight against Tigrayan forces and their allies as they marched towards the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa.

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed's vow this week to head for the front lines of his country's brutal year-long war has boosted recruitment for the beleaguered armed forces.
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed's vow this week to head for the front lines of his country's brutal year-long war has boosted recruitment for the beleaguered armed forces. (Reuters Archive)

Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has gone to the battlefront to take charge in a yearlong war and left the daily work of running the country to his deputy as rival fighters approach the capital, Addis Ababa.

The 45-year-old prime minister, a Nobel Peace Prize winner and former soldier, arrived at the front on Tuesday, government spokesman Legesse Tulu told reporters on Wednesday.

He did not provide details on the location, and state media did not show images of him. 

Deputy Prime Minister Demeke Mekonnen is handling day-to-day government activities, Legesse said.

Abiy announced late on Monday he was planning to personally direct the fight against Tigrayan forces and their allies.

"Let's meet at the war front," he wrote "The time has come to lead the country with sacrifice." 


On Wednesday hundreds of new army recruits took part in a ceremony held in their honour in the Kolfe district of Addis Ababa.

As officials corralled sheep and oxen into trucks bound for the north, the recruits broke into patriotic songs and chants.

Abiy's move boosts recruitments 

"When a leader leaves his chair... and his throne it is to rescue his country. His focus is not to live, but to rescue this country, and I sobbed when he said 'follow me' and went to the front line," 42-year-old driver Tesfaye Sherefa, told AFP news agency

Abiy's officials and state media have not provided details on his movements since he made the announcement to lead the forces from the front.

The recruits in Kolfe nevertheless took his statement to heart, sporting T-shirts emblazoned with a picture of Abiy in uniform and the words "We have a historic responsibility to defend the free name of Ethiopia."

"I feel proud and I stand with him," 25-year-old Esubalew Wale, another recruit, told AFP news agency.

The war in Africa’s second-most populous nation has killed an estimated tens of thousands of people.

Last month Tigrayan forces and their allies threatened to march on the capital Addis Ababa; they have also been fighting fiercely to try to cut a transport corridor linking landlocked Ethiopia with the region's main port Djibouti.

On Tuesday, US Special Envoy Jeffrey Feltman said the Ethiopian military and regional militias had been able to hold back Tigrayan attempts to cut the corridor but Tigrayan forces had been able to move south towards Addis.

Ethiopia's military spokesperson did not respond to requests for comment. 


Source: TRTWorld and agencies 

Social media is bold.


Social media is young.

Social media raises questions.

 Social media is not satisfied with an answer.

Social media looks at the big picture.

 Social media is interested in every detail.

social media is curious.

 Social media is free.

Social media is irreplaceable.

But never irrelevant.

Social media is you.

(With input from news agency language)

 If you like this story, share it with a friend!  


    We are a non-profit organization. Help us financially to keep our journalism free from government and corporate pressure 

 


Judicial Intervention Barely Deters Telangana, AP Govts From Abusing Preventive Detention Laws

 

To counter the frivolous use of preventive detention laws by the governments of these two states, a proactive approach by the judiciary is paramount.


Recently, while overturning a Telangana high court judgement affirming a preventive detention order, Supreme Court judge Justice R.F. Nariman opined that the Telangana Prevention of Dangerous Activities Act (TDA), 1986 is a “draconian law clearly against the liberty of persons. It is surprising that no one has challenged the validity of the law.” This was not the first time that a higher court has made such comments. 


In the past three years, while Telangana detained around 500 citizens every year under the law, Andhra Pradesh detained less than 30 per year. Telangana adopted, amended and expanded the Andhra Pradesh Prevention of Dangerous Activities Act, 1986 to make the TDA.

Both states invoke these laws against citizens in order to escape the burden of prosecution on the basis of evidence and valid grounds. As a result, the only option detenus are left with is to approach the high courts for relief. 

An attempt has been made to examine around 70 judgments of the Andhra Pradesh and Telangana high courts on preventive detention orders for 2019, 2020 and 2021. In these three years, they have upheld only 25 of the 70 cases challenging the detention orders. Yet, there are wide variations in their responses to these detentions.

In a recent case, one Akshinthala was deemed a goonda under the Act and detained for four instances of theft. The Telangana high court quashed the order, opining that “when there is a specific statute to deal with the offences alleged to have been committed by the detenu, invoking the ‘draconian’ law of detention is unwarranted”.

However, in another case, one Touphik’s detention as a “white collar offender” for putting up false advertisements for the sale of automobiles was upheld. The court upheld this order stating that such white-collar crimes have an adverse effect on the economy and are detrimental to “public order”.

This is in contrast with the case of Ram Singh who allegedly ran a chit fund scam and collected Rs 3,000 crore from 60 lakh people. The Telangana high court quashed Singh’s detention order, saying that while the offence committed was grave, “public order” was not affected.

The lack of consistency in the approach of the courts towards these arbitrary detentions is a serious concern. 

Despite all this, there seems to be no stopping the detaining authority from substituting ordinary laws with preventive detention laws. The reason behind this is that preventive detention laws invoke extraordinary procedures and supplant ordinary penal statutes.  

The courts seem to be most willing to uphold detention orders in cases of sexual assault and narcotics, purportedly to protect the modesty of women and control the proliferation of drugs. While these are valid objectives, these offences are already comprehensively covered under ordinary laws. The statute books allow the police to choose between either prosecuting the accused under ordinary laws through the judiciary or through executive detentions and increasingly, they are opting for the latter, thus circumventing the due process of law.  

We have observed a pattern in how these preventive detention laws are being invoked. One can see three spheres in which the Supreme Court guidelines in this regard are being circumvented: converting  “law and order” offences into “public order” issues, invoking detentions to counter the accused’s right to bail and taking shelter in the “subjective satisfaction” of the detention law.   


‘Public order’ versus ‘law and order’: authorities confused or callous?

The preventive detention laws allow for an individual to be detained in order to keep them from acting in a manner that is “prejudicial to the maintenance of public order.” However, in many  detention orders, individuals are detained in the interest of maintaining “public peace” and “law and order” rather than “public order.”

The difference between “law and order” and “public order” has been highlighted by the Supreme Court in a variety of cases. For example, the Court held in Arun Ghosh versus State of Bengal that the concept of public order had a much wider ambit than the concept of law and order. 

While a law and order disturbance is less grave and has only a local significance, a disturbance of public order means a disturbance to society “to the extent of causing a general disturbance of public tranquillity.” It is the degree of the disturbance and its effect upon the lives of the community in a locality which determines whether said disturbance amounts only to a breach of law and order or a breach of public order. But the states have been deliberately detaining individuals on the flimsy grounds of disturbances of “public order” without establishing the actual public disturbance caused.  

For example, Guduru Sanejeeva Rayudu was detained for “maintaining a gang” and “motivating innocent youths towards committing property and bodily offences.” While quashing the detention order, the Andhra Pradesh high court said that the detaining authority was unable to make up its mind as to whether the activities of the detenu affected “law and order” or “public order”; the detention order used these concepts interchangeably. It did not “reveal relevant and justifiable grounds for ordering the detention of the detenu in order to maintain public order,” the court said. 

Bail can still mean jail

In 58 of the cases analysed, the detaining authorities argued one of the two things: first, that in spite of bail granted to the accused under ordinary penal laws, they should be detained to avoid further criminal activities; second, that even though the accused was denied bail under ordinary penal laws, the possibility of a successful bail application in the future entails a valid preventive detention order. 

The high courts have upheld detention orders even when the accused have been granted conditional bail, like in the case of Banoth Lachu Bai versus State of Telangana in which just two cases of drug peddling were registered.

In drug cases, the courts have upheld the detention orders on the grounds that narcotics, while seeming like a law and order problem are in reality a public order problem which fuel “nefarious activities like prostitution and terrorism.”  If the high courts are concurring with these executive orders, it means the lower judiciary is mindlessly granting bail without considering factors such as the gravity of the offence or the likelihood of the offence being committed again.  

These orders have been passed even when, in other judgements of the same courts, judges have stated that if a reasonable apprehension exists of the accused committing another crime after receiving bail, the police could easily inform the courts of the same when deciding bail petitions.


Justice comes too little, too late 

The detention laws allow detaining authorities to detain a person for a period not more than three months. However, governments have been routinely extending detentions up to one year on the basis of the opinions of advisory boards. In the majority of cases we analysed, detenus had already spent five to eight months in jail before their detention orders were quashed by the high courts. 

The high courts of these two states also avoid imposing any costs on their governments for abusing the detention laws, despite a large percentage of them being quashed. This is unlike the Bombay and Calcutta high courts which often impose costs on the governments in detention cases.

For instance, the Bombay high court imposed a sum of Rs 10,000 on the state for the non-application of mind by the detaining authority in the case of Yuvraj Ramachandran Pawar versus Dr. Ramaswami while the Gujarat high court imposed a cost of Rs 1.5 lakh in the case of Visamanbhai D. Dhola versus State of Gujarat

The Telangana and Andhra Pradesh high courts, while observing that preventive detention laws are being applied incorrectly, have only advised the governments to follow the Supreme Court’s guidelines while invoking detention laws. However, these guidelines have largely been ignored.

For instance, in the case of Daphne Gertrude Briggs, the Andhra Pradesh high court asked the government to “bring to the notice of the detaining authorities and the sponsoring authorities the law laid down by the Supreme Court in the Champion R. Sangma’s case and the consequences thereof.”

A combination of the factors highlighted above has encouraged the governments of these two states to keep using preventive detention laws to detain individuals for trumped up reasons and with impunity. This includes, for instance, using preventive detention laws against those who questioned the Andhra Pradesh government’s decision to have three capitals for the state

Given the trends, unless the high courts take a more proactive approach in keeping the authorities in check with respect to the indiscriminate application of preventive detention laws, they are on the path of becoming ordinary laws, thus rendering the Criminal Procedure Code meaningless.  


Rishabh Warrier and Harsh Jain are law students and Murali Karnam is a faculty member at NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad. 

SOURCE ; THE WIRE

Social media is bold.


Social media is young.

Social media raises questions.

 Social media is not satisfied with an answer.

Social media looks at the big picture.

 Social media is interested in every detail.

social media is curious.

 Social media is free.

Social media is irreplaceable.

But never irrelevant.

Social media is you.

(With input from news agency language)

 If you like this story, share it with a friend!  


    We are a non-profit organization. Help us financially to keep our journalism free from government and corporate pressure 

 



सीएम का शाजापुर दौरा:दोपहर 1 बजे शाजापुर पहुंचेंगे शिवराज, सोलर प्लांट सहित 89 प्रोजेक्ट का करेंगे लोकार्पण और भूमिपूजन, केंद्रीय मंत्री भी रहेंगे मौजूद



from मध्य प्रदेश | दैनिक भास्कर https://ift.tt/3FN8djg November 25, 2021 at 11:08AM https://ift.tt/3jtoDUl

हेड कांस्टेबल ने फांसी लगाकर की आत्महत्या:अशोकनगर के ​​​​​​​मुंगावली थाने के पीछे सुबह साथियों ने देखा तो पेड़ पर लटक रहा था शव



from मध्य प्रदेश | दैनिक भास्कर https://ift.tt/3xjyyCC November 25, 2021 at 10:15AM https://ift.tt/3jtoDUl

UN seeks truce as Ethiopia's Abiy reaches frontline to fight Tigray rebels

 

Citing Colombia's peace deal, UN head Antonio Guterres calls for an "unconditional" ceasefire in Africa's second-most populous country.

A man holds the Ethiopian national flag as new recruits who are joining the Ethiopian military attend the send-off ceremony in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on November 24, 2021.
A man holds the Ethiopian national flag as new recruits who are joining the Ethiopian military attend the send-off ceremony in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on November 24, 2021. (AFP)

UN chief has called for an "unconditional and immediate" ceasefire in Ethiopia, where government forces are battling rebels from the northern Tigray region.

"The peace process in Colombia inspires me to make an urgent appeal today to the protagonists of the conflict in Ethiopia for an unconditional and immediate ceasefire to save the country," Antonio Guterres said on Wednesday in Bogota during a visit to the South American country marking five years since a peace deal was signed.

"I would very much like Colombia to be the example followed by the leaders in Ethiopia," Guterres added.

International alarm has mounted over the escalating year-long conflict in Ethiopia, prompting foreign governments to tell their citizens to leave amid fears the Tigrayan rebels could march on the capital Addis Ababa.

Guterres said a ceasefire should "allow for an inter-Ethiopian dialogue to resolve the crisis and allow Ethiopia to contribute again to the stability of the region."

 


 

PM Abiy at frontline

UN chief's appeal came after Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed arrived at the frontline where government soldiers are fighting rebels.

Abiy, winner of the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize, "is now leading the counter-offensive" and "has been giving leadership from the battlefield as of yesterday," state-affiliated Fana Broadcasting Corporate reported.

It was not clear where exactly Abiy, a former radio operator in the military who rose to lieutenant-colonel, had deployed, and state media did not broadcast images of him in the field.

Officials have not responded to requests for details about his mission and whereabouts.

The fighting in the north of Africa's second-most populous country has killed thousands of people and forced hundreds of thousands into famine-like conditions, according to UN estimates.

Foreign envoys have been frantically pushing for a ceasefire, though there have been few signs a breakthrough is coming.


Source: AFP 

Social media is bold.


Social media is young.

Social media raises questions.

 Social media is not satisfied with an answer.

Social media looks at the big picture.

 Social media is interested in every detail.

social media is curious.

 Social media is free.

Social media is irreplaceable.

But never irrelevant.

Social media is you.

(With input from news agency language)

 If you like this story, share it with a friend!  


    We are a non-profit organization. Help us financially to keep our journalism free from government and corporate pressure  

सतना में दिल दहला देने वाला हादसा:कार को 50 फीट तक घसीटता ले गया ट्रक, घूमने आए पति-पत्नी और बेटी की मौत; बेटा गंभीर



from मध्य प्रदेश | दैनिक भास्कर https://ift.tt/3r7JOB9 November 25, 2021 at 09:02AM https://ift.tt/3jtoDUl

पुलिस कांस्टेबल भर्ती परीक्षा-2020:फिजिकल फिटनेस भी अहम, रिटन के अलावा 800 m. दौड़, गोला फेंक और लंबी कूद में पास होना जरूरी



from मध्य प्रदेश | दैनिक भास्कर https://ift.tt/3DQAnt3 November 25, 2021 at 09:03AM https://ift.tt/3jtoDUl

MP में मौत का VIDEO:युवक से टकरा कर 50 फीट दूर तक घिसटता गया बाइक सवार, चिंगारी भी निकली; मौके पर दम तोड़ा



from मध्य प्रदेश | दैनिक भास्कर https://ift.tt/3DLzkL7 November 25, 2021 at 07:22AM https://ift.tt/3jtoDUl

इंदौर में सेक्स रैकेट सरगना की करतूत:NGO के जरिए पत्नी गरीब लड़कियों को बांग्लादेश से भेजती, पति उन्हें देह व्यापार में धकेल देता था



from मध्य प्रदेश | दैनिक भास्कर https://ift.tt/3HOZKy3 November 25, 2021 at 07:19AM https://ift.tt/3jtoDUl

MP में 6 दिसंबर के बाद पंचायत चुनाव का ऐलान:आज से वोटर लिस्ट का काम शुरू, 2019 से पहले के परिसीमन के अनुसार होंगे



from मध्य प्रदेश | दैनिक भास्कर https://ift.tt/3l3Sftq November 25, 2021 at 07:29AM https://ift.tt/3jtoDUl

संगठन के सामने विधायकों ने बयां किया दर्द:ब्यूरोक्रेसी के खिलाफ फूटा गुस्सा; ग्वालियर-चंबल के MLA ने कहा- प्रमुख सचिव हमारी सुनते तक नहीं



from मध्य प्रदेश | दैनिक भास्कर https://ift.tt/3l8bstJ November 25, 2021 at 07:20AM https://ift.tt/3jtoDUl

बोर से निकली आग, VIDEO:सफाई के बाद नलकूप में वेल्डिंग की तो बोर से उठने लगीं 6 फीट ऊंची लपटें, पानी से भी नहीं बुझी



from मध्य प्रदेश | दैनिक भास्कर https://ift.tt/3cJ5j2E November 25, 2021 at 07:23AM https://ift.tt/3jtoDUl

रीवा सांसद का PM की दाढ़ी पर बयान:जनार्दन मिश्रा बोले- नरेंद्र मोदी एक बार दाढ़ी फटकारते हैं तो 50 लाख आवास झड़ते हैं



from मध्य प्रदेश | दैनिक भास्कर https://ift.tt/3r2RYdW November 24, 2021 at 06:34PM https://ift.tt/3jtoDUl